This biennial championships was first held in 1970 after three editions of the unofficial European Junior Games which started in 1964 and the most recent event, which now goes by the name of the European Athletics U20 Championships, was held in Jerusalem, Israel from 7-10 August 2023.
Germany dominated proceedings in the Givat Ram Stadium, winning eight gold medals and 23 medals in total, including a clean sweep in the women's discus. Outstanding individual performers across the four days included Niels Laros from the Netherlands who swept the 1500/5000m titles and Latvia's Agate Caune, a dominant winner in the 3000m and 5000m.
Caune set one of two championship records in Jerusalem, shattering the 5000m record with 15:03.85. The other championship record was set by Italy's Mattia Furlani who won the long jump title with 8.23m, one of three jumps in the final which surpassed the previous championship record of 8.17m which dated back to 1987.
The 2025 edition of the European Athletics U20 Championships takes place in Tampere, Finland.